The Turks and Caicos Islands are situated in the West Indies in the Atlantic Ocean. The two island groups that comprise the Turks and Caicos lie southeast of the Bahamas. Part of the Bahamas island chain, the Turks and Caicos Islands actually form part of the Bahamas. The Turks and Caicos Islands are separated from the Bahamas by the Caicos Passage.The Turks and Caicos island chain is about 110 miles south of the Bahamas, and 600 miles southeast of Miami, FL. Turks and Caicos is to the east of Cuba and the islands are about 100 miles north of the Dominican Republic and Haiti.The Caicos group of islands is separated from the smaller, Turks group of islands by a 22-mile-long deep marine trench that is 7,000 feet deep. Called the Turks Island Passage or “the Wall,” the trench is between South Caicos and Grand Turk.
The Caicos Islands are comprised of six principal islands: West Caicos, Providenciales, North Caicos, Middle Caicos, East Caicos and South Caicos. The Turks Islands are much smaller in size and include Grand Turk, Salt Cay and Big Sand Cay.
The most populous of these islands are Providenciales, South Caicos and Grand Turk. Providenciales offers resorts, restaurants and amenities and is one of the more popular tourist destinations. The Turks and Caicos is actually comprised of over 40 islands and cays, many of which are not inhabited.
Travel between the islands and cays is available by boat or ferry or chartered plane. There are several airports in the Turks and Caicos Islands. The international airport on Providenciales is the most frequented but there are others on Grand Turk, North Caicos and South Caicos. The other islands, with the exception of East Caicos, are equipped with small airstrips that can accommodate commercial flights. Marinas are available to dock your boat if you choose to travel to or around the islands in your own vessel. The Blue Haven Marina on Providenciales has slips available for large yachts up to 220 feet.
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